As former colonists of Great Britain,the Founding Fathers of the United States adopted much of the legal system of Great Britain. We have a"common law",or law made by courts ____1____ a monarch or other central governmental ____2____ like a legislature. The jury,a ____3____ of ordinary citizens chosen to decide a case,is an ____4____ part of our common-law system.
Use of juries to decide cases is a ____5____ feature of the American legal system. Few other countries in the world use juries as we do in the United States. ____6____ the centuries,many people have believed that juries in most cases reach a fairer and more just result ____7____ would be obtained using a judge ____8____ ,as many countries do. ____9____ a jury decides cases after" ____10____ ",or discussions among a group of people,the jury's decision is likely to have the ____11____ from many different people from different backgrounds,who must as a group decide what is right.
Juries are used in both civil cases,which decide ____12____ among ____13____ citizens,and criminal cases,which decide cases brought by the government ____14____ that individuals have committed crimes. Juries are selected from the U.S. citizens and ____15____ Jurors,consisting of ____16____ numbers,are called for each case requiring a jury.
The judge ____17____ to the case ____18____ the selection of jurors to serve as the jury for that case. In some states, ____19____ jurors are questioned by the judge;in others,they are questioned by the lawyers representing the ____20____ under rules dictated by state law.
1、A.other than B.rather than C.more than D.or rather
2、A.agency B.organization C.institution D.authority
3、A.panel B.crew C.band D.flock
4、A.innate B.intact C.integral D.integrated
5、A.discriminating B.distinguishing C.determining D.diminishing
6、A.in B.by C.after D.over
7、A.that B.which C.than D.as
8、A.alike B.alone C.altogether D.apart
9、A.Although B.Because C.If D.While
10、A.deliberations B.meditations C.reflections D.speculations
11、A.outline B.outcome C.input D.intake
12、A.arguments B.controversies C.disputes D.hostilities
13、A.fellow B.individual C.personal D.private
14、A.asserting B.alleging C.maintaining D.testifying
15、A.assembled B.evoked C.rallied D.summoned
16、A.set B.exact C.given D.placed
17、A.allocated B.allotted C.appointed D.assigned
18、A.administers B.manages C.oversees D.presides
19、A.inspective B.irrespective C.perspective D.prospective
20、A.bodies B.parties C.sides D.units
1、B 2、D A 4、C 5、B 6、D 7、C 8、B 9、B 10、A
11、C 12、C 13、D 14、B 15、D 16、A 17、D 18、C 19、D 20、B