Last year, I went WWOOFing (Willing Workers on Organic Farms) at a beautiful organic farm in La Réunion. With WWOOFing, volunteers exchange their time and work for food and accommodation. I slept in a cabin in the woods with hedgehogs(刺猬) digging about in the bushes, all different coloured birds singing in the morning and endless rows of palm trees offering shade from the sun.
For me, one of the best ways to get to know a new place is to work with the land, live with the locals and share meals together. This is why I absolutely love WWOOFing. It has got to be one of the best ways to travel. It is a mutually beneficial exchange where everyone involved prioritises people and environment above profit. You get the time and space to deepen a connection with local communities and nature.
There is a lot to learn and each farm has its own unique way of doing things, depending on the environment, climate and soil. At the farm in La Réunion we planted palm trees to harvest the core of the trunk which can be eaten in salads. Before staying with the farm I had only eaten heart of palm from cans which were nothing in comparison to the real thing, fresh from the ground. When potting up the very beginnings of the palm trees, I felt grateful to be a part of the start of the trees' cycle. I was filled with awe that something so small could grow into something so big and strong.
We also did lots of weeding, which helped me to get to know all kinds of different plants, to be able to identify which ones we could use as herbs/medicine/in salads and which were seen as uneatable. I also got to harvest pineapples and guava fruit(番石榴) to make jams which will be sold at the local market.
Of course, not everyone is able to travel far away into the field. The great thing about the skill-share philosophy behind WWOOFing is that it’s something we can all do from our own backyard. The focus shifts from money to how we can best support each other in our communities.
A fair exchange can make a big difference in the world.
31.WWOOFing enables volunteers to ________.
A.get food and shelter for their work
B.travel around La Réunion for free
C.tell the differences between various birds
D.have close contact with wild animals
32.The author found his farm life in La Réunion quite ______
A. awfulB. rewardingC. comfortableD. difficult
33.The author did all of the following on the organic farm EXCEPT _______.
B.planting palm trees
34.The philosophy of WWOOFing is to _______
A.improve local environment
B.make locals live better
C.unite different communities
D.advocate a fair exchange
35.This passage is mainly about _____A. the development of WWOOFing
B.a local WWOOFing community
C.a charming WWOOFing experience
D.the system of WWOOFing
Experts say distracted walking is a growing problem, as people of all ages become more dependent on electronic devices for personal and professional matters. They also note pedestrian deaths have been rising in recent years. In 2005, 11% of all US deaths involved pedestrians, but that number rose to 15% in 2014.
The rise in deaths coincides with states introducing bills that target pedestrians. Some states, such as Hawaii, Arkansas, Illinois, Nevada and New York, continue to introduce legislation every year.
The measure recently introduced by New Jersey assembly woman Pamela Lampitt would ban walking while texting and prohibit pedestrians on public roads from using electronic communication devices unless they are hands-free. Violators would face fines of up to $50, 15-day imprisonment or both, which is the same penalty as jaywalking(乱穿马路). Half of the fine would be allocated to safety education about the dangers of walking while texting, said Lampit.
Some see the proposal as an unnecessary government overreach, while others say they understand Lampitt's reasoning. But most agree that people need to be made aware of the issue. "Distracted pedestrians, like distracted drivers, present a potential danger to themselves and drivers on the road," Lampitt said. "An individual crossing the road distracted by their smartphone presents just as much danger to motorists as someone jaywalking and should be held, at minimum, to the same penalty."
The main question raised about the measure, though, is whether it can be enforced consistently by police officers who usually have more pressing matters to deal with. Some feel that rather than imposing a new law, the state should focus on distracted-walking education. Lampitt said the measure is needed to stop and penalize "risky behavior." She cited a National Safety Council report that showed distracted-walking incidents involving cellphones accounted for an estimated 11,101 injuries from 2000 through 2011.
The study found a majority of those injured were female and most were 40 or younger. Talking on the phone was the most prevalent activity at the time of injury, while texting accounted for 12%. Nearly 80% of the injuries occurred as the result of a fall, while 9% occurred from the pedestrian striking a motionless object.
36.This passage is mainly concerned with _____
A.the difficulty in enforcing road regulations
B.rising deaths caused by distracted walking
C.the dangers of jaywalking on busy streets
D.distracted walking involving smartphones
37.The states introducing bills that target pedestrians ________.
A.have benefited from the bills
B.find it hard to carry them out
C.have been promoting the legislation
D.will have fewer deaths of pedestrians
38.According to the measure proposed by Lampitt, walking while texting would ______.
B.involve safety education
C.be blamed publicly
D.incur a fine of over $50
39.Lampitt reasons that distracted pedestrians are as dangerous as ________.
40.Which of the following would the author of the passage most probably agree with?
A. Males are more vulnerable to distracted-walking injures.
B.Police officers are unhappy with the proposed law.
C.Safety education is more important than penalty.
D.Rising distracted-walking incidents call for real attention.