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2016年同等学力申硕在职研究生英语科目考试真题(四)
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(续)Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are required to read one quoted blog and the comments on it. The blog and comments are followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answer A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  The saying “Clothes Make the Man” dates back some 400 years and it refers to the fact that when people see a well-dressed person, they assume that person is a professional, capable, and (especially in the old days) rich. Therefore, you had to dress like how you wanted to be perceived, what you wanted to eventually achieve. Fast forward 400 years, lots of folks still think the same way. But does it really make a difference?

  I happen to be one of those who do not put faith in the old saying. I suppose I might be in the minority but I am a member of an elite club with the likes of Steve Jobs and Bill Gates in my camp.

  Perception is not reality; perception is halfway to discovering reality. Perception is drawn from our own impressions, our own belief systems. Is it powerful and influential? Absolutely! Is it all that it seems? Less often than you think. How many times have you cast an initial judgment only to surprise yourself later and learn how you missed out on a great opportunity, person or idea?

  Comment 1

  In the present era, many associate the well-dressed with being the most successful. It took folks in the business world a long time to overlook the way Steve Jobs wore jeans on the public stage. I did not know Mr. Jobs, though I wish I had. I have heard it said that he invented the concept of “business casual.” In my mind that is as much a matter of self-confidence as it is a matter of taste in clothing.

  Comment 2

  You are wrong about Steve Jobs. He certainly did care about how he was perceived and his appearance was very much calculated to achieve his desired effect. From his early formal business clothing down to the aggressive casualness of his eventual black turtle neck and jeans uniform, his clothes and the impact they made were clearly foremost in his mind.

  Comment 3

  It reminds me of the story about the philosopher who goes to a formal dinner party in jeans. When asked if he felt out of place because of his clothes, he looked around and said he hadn’t noticed.

  41.Which of the following might the writer of the passage agree with?

  A. Steve Jobs and Bill Gates dress formally.

  B.We should not judge a person by his clothing.

  C.It is clothes that make the man.

  D.The well-dressed are most likely to succeed.

  42.According to the writer of the passage, perception ______.

  A.might prove wrong

  B.is powerful and reliable

  C.is half reality

  D.might be worthless to us

  43.The writer of Comment 1 seems to ______.

  A.dislike the way Steve Jobs dressed for business occasions

  B.suggest that business people have no taste in clothing

  C.believe that the well-dressed are the most successful

  D. think that Steve Jobs’ casualness reflected his self-confidence

  44.Speaking of Steve Jobs, the writer of Comment 2 ________.

  A.points out that Steve Jobs was a very aggressive person

  B.suggests that he and Steve Jobs used to be in the same club

  C.holds the same view as the writer of the passage

  D.thinks Steve Jobs’ casualness was carefully thought out

  45.When he went to the dinner party in jeans (Comment 3), the philosopher _______

  A.thought that people liked his clothes

  B.was not aware of how his clothes looked

  C.felt quite embarrassed

  D.considered himself out of place

  Part IV Cloze (10 points)

  Directions: In this part, there is a passage with ten blanks. For each blank there are four choices

  marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer for each blank and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  The history of transportation is very long and full of changes and inventions. It starts ___46__ walking, which is not any invention; it just takes energy. People used to walk to get to other places. If you wanted to get somewhere quickly, the __47___way to do that was to run . Actually, the first invention for the transportation __48__ was the shoe. Centuries ago there were  no shoes, and people walked barefoot.

  Then people invented ___49__ to transport themselves and materials from one place to another. In some cultures, people invented sledges(雪橇), ___50__ are a kind of board that you drag along the ground. You can tie things on the sledges to help carry them, but it’s a challenging invention ___51__ if you hit a rock with the sledges as you pull it, the contents can ___52___. In other cultures, people invented the wheels, which they used to make it easier to move things---and people. That was the beginning of many innovations in transportation.

  ___53___ people had wheels they could invent other ways to travel. They could put the wheels on a board and make it a wagon, and then they could ___54__ that wagon to an ox or a horse and ride as well as carry materials. That wheel led to __55___ we have today: trucks, automobiles, and even boats and planes. For example, there were steamboats that used giant wheels that turned with blades, pushing the water and pushing the boat forward.

  A. onB. atC. forD. with

  A. possibleB. onlyC. oneD. just

  A. probablyB. luckilyC. reallyD. formerly

  49.A. methodsB. channelsC. waysD. measures

  50.A. whatB. whenC. whereD. which

  51.A. unlessB. butC. evenD. since

  52.A. pull outB. slip offC. hold downD. put down

  53.A. OnceB. ThenC. HoweverD. Yet

  54.A. stickB. makeC. fastenD. change

  55.A. whatB. thatC. whichD. how

  Part V Text Completion(20 points)

  Directions: In this part, there are three incomplete texts with 20 questions (Ranging from 56 to 75).Above each text there are three or four phrases to be completed .First, use the choices provided in the box to complete the phrases. Second, use the completed phrases to fill in the blanks of the text. Mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  Text One

  A.many

  B.choose

  C.think of

  D. ways of

  Phrases:

  A.56only one language

  B.57any reason not to

  C.in58different ways

  D.the most boring59seeing the world

  I think every language has a certain way of seeing the world. Each is a whole different world – a whole different mindsets. I couldn’t possibly60because it would mean really giving up the possibility to be able to see the world. So the monolingual lifestyle, for me, is the saddest, the loneliest,62. There are so many advantages of learning a language; I really can’t63.

  Text Two

  A.known

  B.idea

  C.feel

  Phrases:

  A.but it may64like forever

  B.a person may have no65what is wrong

  C.what is66as panic disorder

  A panic attack is a sudden feeling of terror. Usually it does not last long, __67__. The cause can be something as normally uneventful at driving over a bridge or flying in an airplane. And it can happen even if the person has driven over many bridges or flown many times before. A fast heartbeat. Sweaty hands. Difficulty breathing. A lightheaded feeling. At first __68___. But these can all be signs of ___69____. The first appearance usually is between the ages of eighteen and twenty-four. 1n some cases it develops after a tragedy. Like the death of a loved one, or some other difficult situation.

  Text Three

  A.lights

  B.protect

  C. in the dark

  Phrases:

  A.sit at home70

  B.turn off all non-essential71

  C.passed a law to

  I’m a big fan of trying to save the environment, and this month is the WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) annual Earth Hour. Earth Hour is an event where you 73 and power between 8-9 pm, things like your TV and computer. However, you don’t just 74 for an hour. Instead, people gather in groups and have fun without using power. Things like dancing, fireworks and musical performances are popular and it’s very fun to take part. Earth Hour isn’t just about saving energy; people involved in Earth Hour have also planted a forest in Uganda, built75


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