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2016年同等学力申硕在职研究生英语科目考试真题(二)
来源:在职研招网(www.zzyedu.org) 【在职研招网官网】 发布时间:2018/4/13 10:22:00

(续)Passage Two

  AlphaGo’s victory over Go( 围棋 )champion Lee Se-dol reportedly shocked artificial intelligence experts, who thought such an event was 10 to 15 years away. But if the timing was a surprise, the outcome was not. On the contrary, it was inevitable and entirely foreseeable.

  Playing complex games is precisely what computers do supremely well. Just as they beat the world champions at checkers(跳棋)and then chess, they were destined to beat the champion at Go. Yet I don’t believe, as some do, that human defeats like this one presage an era of mass unemployment in which awesomely able computers leave most of us with nothing to do. Advancing technology will profoundly change the nature of high-value human skills and that is threatening, but we aren’t doomed.

  The skills of deep human interaction, the abilities to manage the exchanges that occur only between people, will only become more valuable. Three of these skills stand out: The first, the foundation of the rest, is empathy, which is more than just feeling someone else’s pain. It’s the ability to perceive what another person is thinking or feeling, and to respond in an appropriate way.

  The second is creative problem-solving in groups. Research on group effectiveness shows that the key isn’t team cohesion or motivation or even the smartest member’s IQ; rather, it’s the social sensitivity of the members, their ability to read one another and keep anyone from dominating.

  The third critical ability, somewhat surprisingly, is storytelling, which has not traditionally been valued by organizations. Charts, graphs and data analysis will continue to be important, but that’s exactly what technology does so well. To change people’s minds or inspire them to act, tell them a story.

  These skills, though basic to our humanity, are fundamentally different from the skills that have been the basis of economic progress for most of human history, logic, knowledge and analysis, which we learned from textbooks and in classrooms. By contrast, the skills of deep human interaction address the often irrational reality of how human beings behave, and we find them not in textbooks but inside ourselves. As computers master ever more complexity, that’s where we’ll find the source of our continued value.

  26. According to the author, AlphaGo’s victory_____.

  A.could have happened earlier

  B.came as a pleasant surprise

  C.was an expected result

  D.was more a matter of luck

  27.The word “presage”(Para. 2) is closest in meaning to“ _____”.

  A. surviveB. sufferC. inventD. predict

  28.What is the author’s attitude towards the human future in the face of technology?

  A.UnclearB. ConfusedC. WorriedD. Optimistic

  29.Which of the following is the most fundamental to human interaction?

  A. Social sensitivity of group members to understand each other.

  B.Strong ability to share people’s feelings and respond.

  C.Team spirit to make sure that everyone is involved.

  D.Inspirational storytelling to motivate people to act.

  30.According to the author, the skills of deep human interaction .

  A.are the source of true human values in the future

  B.can work with knowledge to make the world better

  C.are similar to the skills of human logic and analysis

  D.can be learned from textbooks and in classrooms


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